A group of biologists has disclosed new laws that cells employ in making moves about which genes they trigger on and below what situations, results that add to our know how of how variants of gene impact human subjects.
“Not only does the study distinguish a newfound component of cellular activity, but it also sheds light on the physical factors that impact activation of gene, hence pushing forward our knowledge of how genes are managed in space and time,” claims the senior author of the study and a professor at New York University for biology, which appears in the journal Current Biology, Christine Rushlow, to the media in an interview.
The work, which also comprise a professor at Berkeley at the University of California (Hernan Garcia) concentrated on Zelda (a particular protein that Rushlow and her associates had earlier found) is accountable for triggering groups of genes important for progression in an intricately synchronized manner.
On a related note, human body bacteria are sharing genes with each other at a higher pace as compared to what is typically witnessed in nature, and some of those genes seem to be traveling—not depending on their microbial hosts—from one area of the body to other, scientists claimed in the Scientific Reports journal.
The results are the outcomes of a molecular data-mining technique originally proposed by Kyung Mo Kim, a senior study researcher at the Korea Polar Research Institute. Professor for crop sciences at Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology and University of Illinois Gustavo Caetano-Anollés designed the method with his ex-student Arshan Nasir.
This computationally difficult technique permitted them to verify “horizontal gene transfer” instances. This is nothing but the direct transfer of genes among organisms outside of asexual or sexual reproduction. “Horizontal gene transfer is a primary method of exchanging genetic data on our planet,” claimed Caetano-Anollés.